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历届诺贝尔经济学奖

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1.1969年简·丁伯根和拉格纳·弗里希
简·丁伯根(挪威人Jan Tinbergen 1895–1973)和拉格纳·弗里希(Ragnar Frisch)(荷兰人 1903 –1994)共同获得。他们发展了动态模型来分析经济进程。"for having developed and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes",拉格纳·弗里希是经济计量学的奠基人,简·丁伯根是经济计量学模型建造者之父。

Jan Tinbergen

 

Born April 12, 1903
The Hague

Died June 9, 1994 (aged 91)
The Hague

Nationality Netherlands

Fields Economics

Institutions Erasmus University

Alma mater
Leiden University

Doctoral advisor
Paul Ehrenfest

Doctoral students Tjalling Koopmans

Known for First national macroeconomic model

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1969)





Ragnar Frisch
 

Born March 3, 1895
Oslo, Norway

Died January 31, 1973 (aged 77)
Oslo, Norway

Nationality Norway

Fields Economics

Institutions University of Oslo

Alma mater
University of Oslo

Known for Econometrics
Production theory

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1969)



2.1970年保罗-安-萨默尔森(美国)
保罗·安·萨默尔森(Paul Samuelson 1915–2009)发展了数理和动态经济理论,将经济科学提高到新的水平。"for the scientific work through which he has developed static and dynamic economic theory and actively contributed to raising the level of analysis in economic science"
Paul Samuelson
 

Born May 15, 1915 
Gary, Indiana. U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Alma mater
Harvard University (Ph.D.)
University of Chicago (B.A.)

Doctoral advisor
Edwin Bidwell Wilson

Doctoral students Stanley Fischer
Lawrence Klein
Robert C. Merton

Known for Neoclassical synthesis
Mathematical economics
Economic methodology
Revealed preferences theory
International trade theory
Economic growth theory
Public goods theory

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1947)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1970)

3.1971年西蒙-库兹列茨(俄国)
西蒙·库兹列茨(Simon Kuznets) (1901-1985),俄籍美国人,在研究人口发展趋势及人口结构对经济增长和收入分配关系方面做出了巨大贡献。"for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development"
Simon Kuznets
 

Born April 30, 1901
Pinsk, Russian Empire

Died July 8, 1985 (aged 84)
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Institutions NBER
Harvard University (1960-1971)
Johns Hopkins University (1954-1960)
University of Pennsylvania (1930-1954)

Alma mater
Columbia University

Doctoral advisor Wesley Clair Mitchell

Doctoral students Robert Fogel
Milton Friedman

Known for National income data
Empirical business cycle research
Characteristics of economic growth

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1971)

4.1972年肯尼斯-约瑟夫-阿罗(美国)和约翰-希克斯(英国)
肯尼斯·约瑟夫·阿罗(Kenneth J. Arrow) (1921-2006)  肯尼斯·约瑟夫·阿罗,美国人,与约翰·希克斯(John R. Hicks 1904-1989)共同深入研究了经济均衡理论和福利理论。"for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory."约翰·希克斯(JOHN R. HICKS) (1904-1989)  约翰·希克斯,英国人。
Sir John R. Hicks
 

Born April 8, 1904
Warwick, England

Died May 20, 1989 (aged 85)
Blockley, England

Nationality United Kingdom

Fields Economics

Institutions Nuffield College, Oxford
University of Manchester

Alma mater
Balliol College, Oxford

Known for IS/LM model
Capital theory, consumer theory, general equilibrium theory, welfare theory, induced innovation

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1972)


Kenneth J. Arrow
 
National Medal of Science award ceremony, 2004
Born August 23, 1921  (age 87)
New York City, New York, USA

Nationality American

Fields Economics

Institutions Stanford University

Alma mater
City College of New York
Columbia University

Doctoral advisor
Harold Hotelling

Doctoral students John C. Harsanyi Nobel
Roger Myerson Nobel
A. Michael Spence Nobel
Eric S. Maskin Nobel
Nancy Stokey
Karl Shell

Known for General equilibrium theory
Fundamental theorems of welfare economics
Arrow's impossibility theorem
Endogenous growth theory

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1957)
Nobel Prize in Economics (1972)
von Neumann Theory Prize (1986)
National Medal of Science (2004)


5.1973年华西里-列昂惕夫(美国)
                         Wassily Wassilyovitch Leontief
 
W. W. Leontief at Harvard
Born August 5, 1905
Munich, Germany

Died February 5, 1999 (aged 93)
New York City, New York, USA

Nationality Germany, United States

Fields Economics

Institutions New York University
Harvard University

Alma mater
University of Berlin (Ph.D)
University of Leningrad (M.A.)

Doctoral advisor
Ladislaus Bortkiewicz
Werner Sombart

Doctoral students Vernon Smith
Robert Solow
Paul Samuelson
Karen R. Polenske

Known for Input-output analysis

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1973)

华西里·列昂惕夫(Wassily Wassilyovitch Leontief) (1906-1999)华西里·列昂惕夫,美国人,他发展了投入产出方法,该方法在许多重要的经济问题中得到运用。"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"

6.1974年纲纳-缪达尔(瑞典)和弗-冯-哈耶克(澳大利亚)
深入研究了货币理论和经济波动,并深入分析了经济、社会和制度现象的互相依赖而获奖。"for their pioneering work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their penetrating analysis of the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena."
Gunnar Myrdal
 
c. 1937
Born 6 December 1898
Gustafs, Dalarna, Sweden

Died 17 May 1987 (aged 88)
Danderyd, Sweden

Nationality Sweden

Fields Economics

Institutions Stockholm School of Economics Stockholm University

Known for Monetary equilibrium
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1974)


Friedrich Hayek

 

Full name Friedrich August von Hayek
Born 8 May 1899
Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Died 23 March 1992 (aged 92)
Freiburg, Germany

School/tradition Old Whig, Classical liberalism and Austrian School

Main interests Economics, social philosophy, political philosophy, Hebbian theory, philosophy of mind

Notable ideas Economic calculation problem, Catallaxy, Extended order, Dispersed knowledge, Spontaneous order, Hebbian theory

Influenced by[show]


Influenced[show]



7.1975年列奥尼德-康托罗为奇(俄国)和佳林-库普曼斯(荷兰)

列奥尼德·康托罗为奇(Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich) (1912-1986)由于在1939年创立了享誉全球的线形规划要点,对资源最优分配理论做出了贡献,而获得诺贝尔经济学奖。佳林·库普曼斯(Tjalling C. Koopmans) (1910-1985)将数理统计学成功运用于经济计量学,对资源最优分配理论做出了贡献。"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"
Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich
 
Leonid V. Kantorovich
Born 19 January 1912
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

Died 7 April 1986 (aged 74)
Moscow, Russia, USSR

Nationality Soviet Russia

Fields Mathematics

Alma mater
Leningrad State University

Known for Linear programming

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1975)

Tjalling C. Koopmans
 

Born August 28, 1910
's-Graveland, Netherlands

Died February 26, 1985 (aged 74)
New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Nationality Netherlands

Fields Economics

Alma mater
University of Leiden

Doctoral advisor
Hendrik Anthony Kramers
Jan Tinbergen

Doctoral students Leonid Hurwicz

Known for Exogenous growth model
Econometrics
Economics of transportation

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1975)






8.1976年获奖者米尔顿-弗里德曼(美国)
米尔顿·弗里德曼(Milton Friedman) (1912-2006),美国人,由于创立了货币主义理论,提出了永久性收入假说,而获得年诺贝尔经济学奖。"for his achievements in the fields of consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and for his demonstration of the complexity of stabilisation policy"





 

Milton Friedman
 
Birth July 31, 1912
Brooklyn, New York 
Death November 16, 2006 (aged 94)
San Francisco, California 
Nationality United States 
Institution Hoover Institution (1977–2006)
University of Chicago (1946–77)
Columbia University (1937–41, 1943–45, 1964–65)
NBER (1937–40) 
Field Economics 
Alma mater Columbia University (Ph.D.)
University of Chicago (M.A.)
Rutgers University (B.A.) 
Contributions Price theory, monetary economics, applied macroeconomics
Awards John Bates Clark Medal (1951)
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (1976)
Presidential Medal of Freedom 1988
National Medal of Science 1988




9.1977年詹姆斯-爱德华-米德(英国)和戈特哈德-贝蒂-俄林(瑞典)                        
 
Bertil Ohlin
 
Bertil Ohlin at Arosmässan in Västerås (late 1950s).

Born 23 April 1899
Klippan, Sweden

Died 3 August 1979 (aged 80)
Vålådalen, Sweden

Fields Economics

Institutions University of Copenhagen (1925–1930)
Stockholm School of Economics (1930–1965)

Alma mater
B.A. Lund University (1917)
M.A. Harvard University (1923)
Ph.D. Stockholm University (1924)

Doctoral advisor
Gustav Cassel

Known for Heckscher-Ohlin model
Heckscher-Ohlin theorem

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1977)

  
James E. Meade

Born 23 June 1907
Swanage, England, UK
Died 22 December 1995 (aged 88)
Cambridge, England, UK
Nationality United Kingdom
Institution London School of Economics
Field Macroeconomics
School or
tradition Neo-Keynesian economics
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford
Christ's College, Cambridge
Malvern College
Doctoral
students Jacques Parizeau
Influences John Maynard Keynes
Influenced Paul Krugman, Richard Stone, David Vines, Anthony Barnes Atkinson, Jacques Parizeau, John Rawls
Contributions Theory of international trade and international capital movements
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1977)

詹姆斯·爱德华·米德(James Meade)(1907–1995),英国人,由于与戈特哈德·贝蒂·俄林(Bertil Ohlin)(1899 –1979)共同对国际贸易理论和国际资本流动作出了开创性研究,而获得1977年诺贝尔经济学奖。"for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"



10.1978年获奖者赫泊特·亚·西蒙(美国)
赫泊特·亚·西蒙(Herbert Simon)美国人 (1916-2001 ) 对于经济组织内的决策程序进行了研究,这一有关决策程序的基本理论被公认为关于公司企业实际决策的创见解。"for his pioneering research into the decision-making process within economic organizations"
Herbert Simon
 

Born June 15, 1916
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Died February 9, 2001 (aged 84)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Artificial Intelligence
Cognitive psychology
Computer science
Economics
Political science

Institutions University of California, Berkeley
Illinois Institute of Technology
Carnegie Mellon University

Alma mater
University of Chicago

Doctoral advisor
Henry Schultz

Doctoral students Edward Feigenbaum
Allen Newell

Known for Logic Theory Machine
General Problem Solver
Bounded Rationality

Notable awards Turing Award 1975
Nobel Prize in Economics 1978
National Medal of Science 1986
von Neumann Theory Prize 1988

Religious stance Unitarian



11.1979威廉-阿瑟-刘易斯(美国)和西奥多-舒尔茨(美国)
                         

威廉·阿瑟·刘易斯(W. Arthur Lewis) (1915-1991)  威廉·阿瑟·刘易斯和西奥多·舒尔茨(Theodore Schultz)(1902-1998),由于在经济发展方面做出了开创性研究,深入研究了发展中国家在发展经济中应特别考虑的问题,而获诺贝尔经济学奖。"for their pioneering research into economic development research with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries.
Sir W. Arthur Lewis
Born January 23, 1915

Died June 15, 1991 (aged 76)
Barbados

Nationality Saint Lucia, United Kingdom

Fields Economics

Institutions LSE (1938-1948)
University of Manchester (1948-1958)
University of West Indies (1959-1963)
Princeton University (1963-1991)

Alma mater
University of London

Doctoral advisor
Sir Arnold Plant

Known for Industrial structure
History of the World Economy
Development Economics

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1979)

Religious stance Protestant


Theodore Schultz

Born April 30, 1902
Arlington, South Dakota, United States
Died 26 February 1998 (aged 95)
Evanston, Illinois, United States
Nationality United States
Institution Iowa State University
University of Chicago
Field Agricultural economics
School or
tradition Chicago school of economics
Alma mater South Dakota State University
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1979)


12.1980年获奖者克莱因(美国)
                      

克莱因(Lawrence R.Klein) (1920-2013),美国人,以经济学说为基础,根据现实经济中实有数据所作的经验性估计,建立起经济体制的数学模型。"for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies"
Lawrence Klein
Born September 14, 1920  
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Institutions Univ. of Pennsylvania
University of Oxford
University of Michigan
NBER
Cowles Commission

Alma mater
MIT (Ph.D.)
UC Berkeley (B.A.)

Doctoral advisor
Paul Samuelson

Doctoral students E. Roy Weintraub

Known for Macroeconometric forecasting models
Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1959)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1980)

13.1981年获奖者詹姆士-托宾(美国)
                    
詹姆士·托宾(James Tobin) (1918-2002),阐述和发展了凯恩斯的系列理论及财政与货币政策的宏观模型。在金融市场及相关的支出决定、就业、产品和价格等方面的分析做出了重要贡献"for his analysis of financial markets and their relations to expenditure decisions, employment, production and prices"
James Tobin
Born March 5, 1918
Champaign, Illinois, USA

Died March 11, 2002 (aged 84)
New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions Yale University
Cowles Commission

Alma mater
Harvard University

Doctoral advisor
Joseph Schumpeter

Known for Portfolio theory
Keynesian economics
Tobin's q
Tobit model

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1955)
Nobel Prize in Economics (1981


          

14.1982年乔治-斯蒂格勒(美国)     
  

乔治·斯蒂格勒(George Stigler) (1911-1991),美国人。在工业结构、市场的作用和公共经济法规的作用与影响方面,做出了创造性重大贡献。"for his seminal studies of industrial structures, functioning of markets and causes and effects of public regulation"
George Stigler


Born January 17, 1911
Seattle, Washington, U.S.

Died December 1, 1991
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions University of Chicago

Alma mater
Northwestern University, University of Chicago

Doctoral advisor
Frank Knight

Notable students Thomas Sowell

Known for Capture theory

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1982)
National Medal of Science (1987)


15.1983年罗拉尔-德布鲁(美国)

                         
Gérard Debreu (born July 4, 1921, Calais  – December 31, 2004, Paris) was a French-born economist and mathematician. In July 1975, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Best known as a professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley, where he began work in 1962, he won the 1983 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.

罗拉尔·德布鲁(Gérard Debreu) (1921-2004),法籍美国人,概括了帕累托最优理论,创立了相关商品的经济与社会均衡的存在定理。"for having incorporated new analytical methods into economic theory and for his rigorous reformulation of the theory of general equilibrium"



16. 1984年理查德-约翰-斯通(英国)

理查德·约翰·斯通(Richard Stone) (1913-1991),国民经济统计之父,在国民帐户体系的发展中做出了奠基性贡献,极大地改进了经济实践分析的基础。"for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"[
Sir John Richard Nicholas Stone (August 30, 1913 – December 6, 1991) was an eminent British economist who in 1984 received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for developing an accounting model that could be used to track economic activities on a national and, later, an international scale. He is sometimes known as the 'father of national income accounting', and is the author of studies of consumer demand statistics and demand modeling, economic growth, and input-output.


17. 1985年弗兰科-莫迪利安尼(意大利)

                   
Franco Modigliani
Neo-Keynesian economics

 

Birth June 18, 1918

Death September 25, 2003 (aged 85)
Nationality Italian American

Field Financial economics

Influenced Robert Shiller
Hossein Askari

Contributions Modigliani-Miller theorem
Life-cycle hypothesis
MPS model


弗兰科·莫迪利安尼(Franco Modigliani) (1918-2003) ,意大利籍美国人。他第一个提出储蓄的生命周期假设,这一假设在研究家庭和企业储蓄中得到了广泛应用。"for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets""for his pioneering analyses of saving and of financial markets"

18. 1986年詹姆斯-布坎南(美国)
                        

詹姆斯·布坎南(James M. Buchanan JR) (1919-2013),美国人,将政治决策的分析同经济理论结合起来,使经济分析扩大和应用到社会—政治法规的选择。"for his development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making"
Buchanan in September 2010
Born October 3, 1919
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, U.S.
Died January 9, 2013 (aged 93)
Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.
Nationality American
Institution George Mason University
Virginia Tech
University of Virginia
Field Public choice
School or
tradition Constitutional economics
Alma mater University of Chicago
University of Tennessee
State Teachers College, Murfreesboro
Influences Frank Knight
Knut Wicksell
Friedrich Hayek
Ludwig von Mises
Influenced Elinor Ostrom
Tyler Cowen
Contributions Public choice theory
Logrolling
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1986)





19.1987年罗伯特·索洛(美国)
                  
Robert Solow
 
Bill Clinton awarding Solow the National Medal of Science (1999)

Born August 23, 1924 
New York City, New York, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions MIT

Alma mater
Harvard University

Doctoral advisor
Wassily Leontief

Doctoral students George Akerlof
Robert J. Gordon
Joseph Stiglitz

Known for Neo-classical growth model

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1961)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1987)
National Medal of Science (1999)




罗伯特·索洛(Robert Solow) (1924-),美国人。对增长理论做出贡献。提出长期的经济增长主要依靠技术进步,而不是依靠资本和劳动力的投入。"for his contributions to the theory of economic growth"








20.1988年莫里斯-阿莱斯(法国)
                     
Born 31 May 1911
Paris, France
Died 9 October 2010 (aged 99)
Saint-Cloud,[1] near Paris
Nationality French
Field Macroeconomics
Behavioral economics
School or
tradition Walrasian economics
Alma mater École Polytechnique
École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris
University of Paris
Influences Léon Walras
Irving Fisher
Vilfredo Pareto
Influenced Gérard Debreu
Edmond Malinvaud
Contributions Overlapping generations model
golden rule of optimal growth
Transaction demand for money rule
Allais paradox
Awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1988)

莫里斯·阿莱斯(Maurice Allais) (1911-2010),法国人。他在市场理论及资源有效利用方面做出了开创性贡献。对一般均衡理论重新做了系统阐述。"for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources"





21.1989年特里夫-哈维默(挪威)
                         
特里夫·哈维默(Trygve Haavelmo) (1911-1999)挪威人,由于他建立了现代经济计量学的基础性指导原则,而获得诺贝尔经济奖。"for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures"
Trygve Magnus Haavelmo


Born 13 December 1911
Skedsmo, Norway

Died 26 July 1999 (aged 87)
Oslo, Norway

Nationality Norway

Fields Economics

Alma mater
University of Oslo

Doctoral advisor
Ragnar Frisch

Known for "probability approach in econometrics"
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1989)


22.1990年威廉·夏普(美国)、默顿·米勒(美国)和哈里·马科维茨(美国)
                  
Harry M. Markowitz
 

Born August 24, 1927 
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Residence La Jolla, California

Nationality American

Fields Economics, Finance

Institutions Harry Markowitz Company
Rady School of Management at the University of California at San Diego
Baruch College of the City University of New York
RAND Corporation
Cowles Commission

Alma mater
University of Chicago (Ph.D.)

Known for Modern Portfolio Theory
Efficient/ Markowitz Frontier
Sparse Matrix Methods
Simscript

Influences Milton Friedman
Tjalling Koopmans
Jacob Marschak
Oskar Morgenstern
Leonard Savage
John von Neumann

Notable awards John von Neumann Theory Prize (1989)
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (1990)

Merton Miller
 

Born Merton Howard Miller
16 May 1923
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Died 3 June 2000 (aged 77)
Chicago, Illinois, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Alma mater
Johns Hopkins University (Ph.D.)
Harvard University (M.A.)

Doctoral advisor Fritz Machlup

Doctoral students Eugene Fama
Michael Jensen
Richard Roll
Myron Scholes

Known for Modigliani-Miller theorem

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1990)

William F. Sharpe
 

Born June 16, 1934 
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions William F. Sharpe Associates
Stanford University
UC Irvine
University of Washington 1961-67
RAND Corporation

Alma mater
UCLA

Doctoral advisor
Armen Alchian
Harry Markowitz (unofficial)

Doctoral students Howard Sosin

Known for Capital asset pricing model
Sharpe ratio

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1990)




威廉·夏普(William F. Sharpe) (1934-)  美国人,由于他在金融经济学方面做出了开创性工作,获得诺贝尔经济奖。默顿·米勒(Merton Howard Miller) (1923-2000) 美国人,由于他在金融经济学方面做出了开创性工作,获得诺贝尔经济奖。哈里·马科维茨(Harry M. Markowitz) (1927-) 美国人,由于他在金融经济学方面做出了开创性工作,获得诺贝尔奖。
"for their pioneering work in the theory of financial economics"

23.1991年罗纳德-科斯(英国)
                
罗纳德·科斯(Ronald Harry Coase 1910–2013),英国人,由于他揭示并澄清了经济制度结构和函数中交易费用和产权的重要性,获得诺贝尔奖。"for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"
Ronald Harry Coase
 

Birth 29 December 1910 

Nationality British

Field Law and economics

Influenced Oliver E. Williamson

Contributions Coase Theorem
Analysis of transaction costs


24.1992年加里-贝克(美国)
                  Gary Becker
 

Birth December 2, 1930  

Nationality American

Field Economics and Sociology

Influences Milton Friedman

Influenced Roland G. Fryer, Jr.

Contributions Analysis of human capital
Rotten kid theorem



加里·贝克(Gary Becker) (1930-2014),美国人,由于他的将微观经济理论扩展到对人类相互行为的分析,包括市场行为,而获诺贝尔奖。"for having extended the domain of microeconomic analysis to a wide range of human behaviour and interaction, including non-market behaviour"


25.1993年道格拉斯-诺斯(美国)和罗伯特-福格尔(美国)
                                     
Robert Fogel
Chicago School



Birth July 1, 1926  

Nationality American

Field Economic history
Cliometrics

Influences Evsey Domar

Opposed Carlo M. Cipolla
Fritz Redlich

Influenced Kenneth Sokoloff

Douglass C. North
Born November 5, 1920 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions Washington University in St. Louis
University of Washington
Cambridge University

Alma mater
University of California, Berkeley

Doctoral advisor
Melvin M. Knight

Known for Economic history

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1993)


道格拉斯·诺斯(Douglass C. North) (1920-2015),美国人,由于他建立了包括产权理论、国家理论和意识形态理论在内的“制度变迁理论”,而获得1993年诺贝尔经济奖。罗伯特·福格尔(Robert Fogel) (1926-2013)美国人,由于他用经济史的新理论及数理工具重新诠释了过去的经济发展过程,所以获得1993年诺贝尔经济奖。"for having renewed research in economic history by applying economic theory and quantitative methods in order to explain economic and institutional change"









26.1994年莱因哈德·泽尔腾(德国)约翰-海萨尼(美国)和约翰-纳什(美国)
                                     

John C. Harsanyi
Born May 29, 1920
Budapest, Hungary

Died August 9, 2000
Berkeley, California, USA

Nationality Hungary

Fields Economics

Institutions University of California, Berkeley
Wayne State University
Australian National University

Alma mater
University of Lyon
University of Budapest
Sydney University
Stanford University

Doctoral advisor
Kenneth Arrow

Known for Bayesian games
Utilitarian ethics
Equilibrium selection

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1994)


John Forbes Nash Jr.
 
John Nash at a symposium of game theory at the University of Cologne, Germany (2006)
Born 13 June 1928 
Bluefield, West Virginia, United States

Nationality American
Fields Mathematics, Economics

Institutions Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Princeton University

Alma mater
Carnegie Institute of Technology
Princeton University

Doctoral advisor
Albert W. Tucker

Known for Nash equilibrium
Nash embedding theorem
Algebraic geometry

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1994)





Reinhard Selten
 
Reinhard Selten, 2001
Born October 5, 1930  
Breslau (Wrocław)

Nationality Germany

Fields Economics

Institutions University of Bonn

Alma mater
Frankfurt University

Doctoral advisor
Ewald Burger
Wolfgang Franz

Known for Game theory

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1994)

约翰·纳什(John Forbes Nash Jr.)美国人 (1928-2015 ),由于他与另外两位数学家在非合作博弈的均衡分析理论方面做出了开创性的贡献,对博弈论和经济学产生了重大影响,而获得1994年诺贝尔经济奖。约翰·海萨尼(John C. Harsanyi) (1920-2000)美国人,莱因哈德·泽尔腾(Reinhard Selten)德国人( 1930-2016)。由于他与另外两位数学家在非合作博弈的均衡分析理论方面做出了开创性的贡献,对博弈论和经济学产生了重大影响,由此获得诺贝尔经济奖。"for their pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games."

27.1995年罗伯特-卢卡斯(美国)
                    
罗伯特·卢卡斯(Robert Emerson Lucas) (1937-)美国人,他倡导和发展了理性预期与宏观经济学研究的运用理论,深化了人们对经济政策的理解,并对经济周期理论提出了独到的见解,由此获得1995年诺贝尔经济奖。"for having developed and applied the hypothesis of rational expectations, and thereby having transformed macroeconomic analysis and deepened our understanding of economic policy"
Robert Emerson Lucas, Jr.
 

Born September 15, 1937 
Yakima, Washington, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions Carnegie Mellon University
University of Chicago

Alma mater
University of Chicago

Doctoral advisor
Arnold Harberger
Gregg Lewis

Known for Rational expectations
Lucas critique
Neutrality of money - "islands" model

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1995)


28.1996年威廉-维克瑞(美国)和詹姆斯-莫里斯(英国)
                        
Sir James Mirrlees
Born 5 July 1936 (age 80)
Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland
Nationality British
Institution Chinese University of Hong Kong
Oxford University
University of Cambridge
Field Political economics
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Trinity College, Cambridge
Doctoral
advisor Richard Stone
Doctoral
students Partha Dasgupta
Nicholas Stern
Franklin Allen
Barry Nalebuff
Huw Dixon
Anthony Venables
John Vickers
Alan Manning
Gareth Myles
Paul Seabright
Hyun-Song Shin
Zhang Weiying
Influenced Iván Werning, Joseph Stiglitz
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1996)



William Vickrey
 

Born 21 June 1914
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Died 11 October 1996 (aged 82)
Harrison, New York, USA

Citizenship United States (1945)
Nationality Canada
Fields Economics

Institutions Columbia University

Alma mater
Columbia University
Yale University

Doctoral advisor
Robert Murray Haig

Known for Moral hazard
Revenue equivalence theorem
Congestion pricing

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (1996)


詹姆斯·莫里斯(James Mirrlees) (1936-) 英国人,由于他在信息经济学理论领域做出了重大贡献,尤其是不对称信息条件下的经济激励理论的论述,获得1996年诺贝尔经济奖。威廉·维克瑞(William Vickrey) (1914-1996)美国人 ,由于他在信息经济学、激励理论、博弈论等方面都做出了重大贡献,获得1996年诺贝尔经济奖。"for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"






29.1997年罗伯特-默顿(美国)和迈伦-斯科尔斯(美国)
                              



Robert C. Merton
 

Born July 31, 1944 
New York City, New York, USA

Nationality United States
Fields Finance, economics

Institutions Harvard University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Alma mater
Columbia University
California Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Doctoral advisor
Paul Samuelson

Known for Black–Scholes model
ICAPM
Merton's portfolio problem
Merton Model
Jarrow-Turnbull model
Long-Term Capital Management

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1997)

Myron Scholes



Birth July 1, 1941 

Nationality Canada, United States

Field Financial economics

Influences George Stigler, Milton Friedman, Merton Miller

Contributions Black–Scholes model

罗伯特·默顿(Robert C. Merton) (1944-),1944年生于美国纽约,由于他对布莱克-斯科尔斯公式所依赖的假设条件做了进一步减弱,在许多方面对其做了推广,因而获得1997年诺贝尔经济奖。可以说默顿等人的理论开创了一个新的领域,从1988年起,这个新的领域被命名为“金融工程”。迈伦·斯科尔斯(Myron Scholes) (1941-) 美国人,由于他给出了著名的布莱克-斯科尔斯期权定价公式,该法则已成为金融机构涉及金融新产品的思想方法,由此获得1997年诺贝尔经济奖。"for a new method to determine the value of derivatives."


30.1998年阿马蒂亚-森(印度)
                       
Amartya Kumar Sen
 

Born November 3, 1933 
Santiniketan, West Bengal, British India

Residence United States

Fields Economics, philosophy

Institutions Harvard University
Cornell University
Delhi School of Economics
Cambridge University
Oxford University
London School of Economics
Princeton University
Jadavpur University

Alma mater
Trinity College, Cambridge (Ph.D.)(B.A.)
Presidency College, Kolkata (B.A.)
Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan (matriculation)

Known for Welfare Economics
Human development theory

Influences John Rawls

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1998)
Bharat Ratna (1999)

Religious stance Atheist

阿马蒂亚·森(Amartya Kumar Sen ) (1933-)印度人,由于他对福利经济学几个重大问题做出了贡献,包括社会选择理论、对福利和贫穷标准的定义、对匮乏的研究等作出精辟论述,荣获诺贝尔经济奖。"for his contributions to welfare economics"



31.1999年罗伯特-A-芒德尔(加拿大)
Robert Mundell
 

Born October 24, 1932 
Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Residence United States

Nationality Canada

Fields Economics

Institutions Columbia University

Alma mater
University of British Columbia
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Doctoral advisor
Charles Kindleberger

Doctoral students Rudi Dornbusch
Jacob Frenkel
Michael Mussa

Known for Mundell-Fleming model
Optimum currency areas
Research on the gold standard

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (1999)

罗伯特-A-芒德尔(Robert Mundell) (1932- ),他具有革新意义的研究为欧元汇率奠定了理性基础。他对不同汇率体制下货币与财政政策以及最适宜的货币流通区域所做的分析使他获得这一殊荣。"for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas"


32.2000年麦克法登(美国)和赫克曼(美国)

James Joseph Heckman
Chicago School

 

Birth 19 April 1944 

Nationality United States
Field Microeconomics

Contributions Statistical analysis of
individual behaviour

Daniel McFadden
 

Born July 29, 1937 
Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Econometrics

Institutions University of California, Berkeley, MIT

Alma mater
University of Minnesota

Doctoral advisor Leonid Hurwicz

Doctoral students Walter Erwin Diewert

Known for Discrete choice

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1975)
Frisch Medal (1986)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2000)



2000年的诺贝尔经济学奖授予两位美国经济学家詹姆斯-J-赫克曼(James Joseph Heckman 1944-)和丹尼尔-L-麦克法登(Daniel McFadden 1937-),以奖励他们发展广泛应用在经济学以及其他社会科学中对个人和住户的行为进行统计分析的理论和方法。尤其是,对赫克曼奖励他对分析选择性样本的理论和方法的发展,对麦克法登奖励他对分析离散抉择的理论和方法的发展。"for his development of theory and methods for analyzing discrete choice"








33.2001年乔治·阿克尔洛夫(美国)、迈克尔·斯彭斯(美国)和约瑟夫·斯蒂格利茨(美国)
 George Akerlof
 

Born June 17, 1940  
New Haven, Connecticut

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Institutions UC Berkeley

Alma mater
MIT (Ph.D.)
Yale University (B.A.)

Doctoral advisor
Robert Solow

Known for Information asymmetry
Efficiency wages

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (2001)

Michael Spence
 

Born November 7, 1943  
Montclair, New Jersey, USA

Residence Stanford, California, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Institutions Harvard University
Stanford University

Alma mater
Harvard University (Ph.D.)
University of Oxford (B.A.)
Princeton University (B.A.)

Doctoral advisor
Kenneth Arrow
Thomas Schelling
Richard Zeckhauser

Known for Signaling theory

Notable awards John Bates Clark Medal (1981)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2001)
 

Birth February 9, 1943  

Nationality United States
Field Macroeconomics, Public Economics, Information Economics

Influences John Maynard Keynes, Robert Solow

Influenced Jason Furman

Contributions Screening, Taxation, Unemployment



三位美国教授乔治·阿克尔洛夫(George Akerlof 1940-)、迈克尔·斯彭斯(Michael Spence 1943-)和约瑟夫·斯蒂格利茨(Joseph Stiglitz 1943-)由于在“对充满不对称信息市场进行分析”领域所作出的重要贡献,而分享2001年诺贝尔经济学奖。"for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information"










34.2002年丹尼尔-卡恩曼(以色列)、弗农-史密斯(美国)

Daniel Kahneman
 

Born 5 March 1934 
Tel Aviv, Israel

Residence United States

Nationality Israel

Fields Psychology, economics

Institutions Princeton University 1993-
University of California, Berkeley 1986-93
University of British Columbia 1978-86
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences 1972-73
Hebrew University of Jerusalem 1961-77

Alma mater
UC-Berkeley Ph.D, 1961
Hebrew University B.A., 1954

Doctoral advisor Susan Ervin

Known for Cognitive biases
Behavioral economics
Prospect theory

Notable awards APA Lifetime Achievement Award (2007)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2002)
APS Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award (1982)



 

Birth January 1, 1927  

Nationality United States
Field Behavioral economics

Influences Wassily Leontief

Contributions Experimental economics
Combinatorial auction

瑞典皇家科学院宣布,由美国普林斯顿大学教授丹尼尔-卡恩曼(Daniel Kahneman 1934-美国和以色列双重国籍)和美国乔治梅森大学教授弗农-史密斯(Vernon L. Smith 1927-)分享2002年诺贝尔经济学奖。丹尼尔-卡恩曼是因为“把心理学研究和经济学研究结合在一起,特别是与在不确定状况下的决策制定有关的研究” "for having integrated insights from psychological research into economic science, especially concerning human judgment and decision-making under uncertainty"而得奖。弗农-史密斯是因为“通过实验室试验进行经济方面的经验性分析,特别是对各种市场机制的研究”而得奖。"for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms"


35.2003年恩格尔(美国)和格兰杰(英国)




 
A composite picture of Engle
Born November 10, 1942 
Syracuse, New York, U.S.

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Alma mater
Cornell University Ph.D. 1969
Williams College B.S. 1964

Doctoral advisor
Ta-Chung Liu

Doctoral students Tim Bollerslev
Mark Watson

Known for ARCH
Cointegration

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2003)





Clive W. J. Granger
Born September 4, 1934
Swansea, Wales

Died May 27, 2009 (aged 74)
San Diego, California, USA

Nationality United Kingdom

Fields Economics

Alma mater
University of Nottingham

Doctoral advisor
Harry Pitt

Doctoral students Mark Watson

Known for Cointegration
Granger causality
Fractional integration

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2003)

恩格尔(Robert F. Engle 1942-)现为美国纽约大学金融服务管理学教授。他在上世纪80年代创立了一种被经济学界称之为“自动递减条件下的易方差性”理论模式,并提出了根据时间变化的易变性进行经济时间数列分析的方式。"for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)"
格兰杰(Clive W. J. Granger 1934-)现是美国圣迭戈加利福尼亚大学荣誉经济学教授。据瑞典皇家科学院介绍,格兰杰对经济学研究的一大杰出贡献是,发现非稳定时间数列的特别组合可以呈现出稳定性,从而可以得出正确的统计推理。他称此是一种“共合体”现象,并提出了根据共同趋势进行经济时间数列分析的方式。瑞典皇家科学院说,格兰杰的发现对研究财富与消费、汇率与价格以及短期利率与长期利率之间的关系具有非常重要意义。"for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"

36. 2004年 芬恩.基德兰德 挪威人和爱德华.普雷斯科特美国人
Finn E. Kydland
 
Photo: White House, 2004
Birth 1 December 1943 

Nationality Norway

Field Macroeconomics

Influences Edward C. Prescott
David Cass

Contributions Real Business Cycle Theory
Time consistency in economic policy




Edward C. Prescott
 

Born December 26, 1940 
Glens Falls, New York, USA

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Alma mater
Swarthmore College
Case Western Reserve University
Carnegie Mellon University

Doctoral advisor
Michael C. Lovell

Doctoral students Costas Azariadis
Edward Green
Gary Hansen
Finn Kydland
Rajnish Mehra
José Víctor Ríos Rull
V. V. Chari

Known for Quantitative general equilibrium business cycle theory
Time consistency in economic policy

Notable awards Nobel Prize in Economics (2004)





挪威经济学家基德兰德(Finn Kydland 1943-)和美国经济学家普雷斯科特(Edward Prescott 1940-)由于揭示了经济政策和世界商业循环后驱动力的一致性而共同获得2004年诺贝尔经济学奖,这是美国经济学家连续第5次获得诺贝尔经济学奖。 基德兰德(Finn Kydland)、普雷斯科特(Edward Prescott)是新古典宏观经济学实际经济周期学派的代表人物。提出真实经济周期模型。真实经济周期模型认为:正的技术冲击引起劳动生产率提高,就业、投资和产出提高,总供给曲线上移,经济高涨;反之则反是。商业周期在很大程度上表现为经济基本趋势本身的波动,而不是经济围绕基本趋势的波动,即周期不是对均衡的偏离,而是均衡本身暂时的波动,既然是均衡,便具有帕累托效率,不存在市场失灵,政府没有干预经济的必要。"for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time consistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles."








37.2005罗伯特-奥曼和托马斯-谢林


Robert J. Aumann
 

Born 8 June 1930 
Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Residence Israel

Citizenship Israel, United States

Fields Mathematics and Economics
Alma mater
City College of New York and Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Doctoral advisor George Whitehead, Jr.

Known for Game Theory

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics, John von Neumann Theory Prize, Harvey Prize in Science and Technology, Israel Prize for Economical Research

Religious stance Orthodox Judaism


Thomas C. Schelling
 
Lecturing at Sharif University of Technology

Born 14 April 1921
Oakland, California, USA

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Institutions Yale University
Harvard University
University of Maryland
New England Complex Systems Institute

Alma mater
University of California, Berkeley
Harvard University

Known for The Strategy of Conflict
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2005)

罗伯特-奥曼(Robert J. Aumann  1930-) ,1930年生于德国法兰克福,目前拥有以色列和美国双重国籍。现在以色列的希伯莱大学更改中心担任教授。奥曼是国际知名的博弈论专家,2002年与约翰-纳什一同被聘为青岛大学名誉教授。
托马斯-谢林(Thomas C. Schelling 1921-) ,1921年生于美国加利福尼亚州的奥克兰。1951年从哈佛大学取得经济学博士学位。他是马里兰大学经济系和公共政策学院荣退杰出教授,同时也是哈佛大学政治经济学荣退教授。
瑞典皇家科学院说,两位经济学家获得诺贝尔经济学奖是因为“他们通过对博弈论的分析加深了我们对冲突与合作的理解”。"for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis."


38.2006年埃德蒙·费尔普斯
Edmund.Phelps


 
Phelps, in 2008
Born July 26, 1933 
Evanston, Illinois, U.S.

Nationality United States
Fields Economics

Alma mater
Yale University
Amherst College

Doctoral students Roman Frydman
Mordecai Kurz
Gylfi Zoega
Hian Teck Hoon
Known for Micro-foundations of macroeconomics
Effects of wage and price expectations
Natural rate of unemployment
Golden Rule savings rate

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2006)
Chevalier de la Legion d'Honneur (2008)
Pico della Mirandola Prize (2008)
Global Economy Prize (2008)
美国哥伦比亚大学经济学家埃德蒙-菲尔普斯(EdmundS.Phelps 1933-)表彰他在加深人们对于通货膨胀和失业预期关系的理解方面所做的贡献。诺贝尔经济学奖评委会指出,费尔普斯的研究对于经济学理论的发展和国家经济政策的制定起着决定性的影响。"for his analysis of intertemporal tradeoffs in macroeconomic policy"

39.2007年里赫维茨、马斯金、迈尔森
Leonid Hurwicz
 

Born August 21, 1917
Moscow, Russia

Died June 24, 2008 (aged 90)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Alma mater
University of Warsaw
London School of Economics

Doctoral advisor
Tjalling Koopmans
Jacob Marschak (at the Cowles Commission)

Doctoral students Daniel McFadden

Known for Mechanism design

Notable awards National Medal of Science (1990)
Nobel memorial Prize (2007)

Eric Maskin
 

Born December 12, 1950
New York City, New York USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Alma mater
Harvard University

Known for Game theory, mechanism design

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize (2007)

Roger B. Myerson)
 

Born March 29, 1951 
Boston, Massachusetts

Residence Wilmette, Illinois, USA

Nationality United States

Fields Economics

Alma mater
Harvard University

Doctoral advisor Kenneth Arrow

Known for Game theory, Mechanism design

Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2007)

三位美国经济学家分享2007年诺贝尔经济学奖,以表彰他们为机制设计理论奠定基础。他们分别是明尼苏达大学的赫维茨(Leonid Hurwicz 1917-2008)、芝加哥大学的罗杰·B.迈尔森(Roger B. Myerson 1951-),以及美国普林斯顿高等研究中心的马斯金(Eric S. Maskin 1950-)。"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"





40.2008年保罗·克鲁格曼(Paul Krugman)
Paul Krugman
New Trade Theory

 
Paul Krugman at the press conference regarding his Nobel Memorial Prize
Birth February 28, 1953 

Nationality United States

Field Macroeconomics

Influences John Maynard Keynes

Contributions International Trade Theory, New Trade Theory

保罗·克鲁格曼(美国Paul Krugman,1953- )美国普林斯顿大学
对经济活动的贸易模式和区域的分析。
"for his analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity"





41.2009威廉姆森、奥斯特姆罗
Oliver E. Williamson
 New Institutional Economics

Birth September 27, 1932 

Nationality  United States

Institution University of California, Berkeley

Field New institutional economics
Alma mater Stanford
MIT
Carnegie Mellon University

Influences Ronald Coase
Herbert Simon
Richard Cyert
Ian Roderick Macneil

Influenced Paul L. Joskow

Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2009)





Elinor Ostrom
New institutional economics

Birth August 1933 (age 76)
Nationality  United States

Institution Indiana University

Field Public economics

Alma mater UCLA

Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2009)
 

埃莉诺·奥斯特罗姆(美国Oliver E. Williamson 1932-)美国印第安纳大学,美国亚利桑那州立大学
奥利弗·威廉姆森(美国Elinor Ostrom 1933-)美国加州大学
经济治理,尤其是对普通民众作出的贡献和经济治理分析,尤其是企业边际领域方面的贡献。"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"




42.2010年彼得·戴蒙、德戴尔·莫滕森和克里斯托弗·皮萨里德斯
Peter Diamond
 
Born Peter Arthur Diamond
April 29, 1940 (age 76)
New York City, U.S.
Nationality American
Spouse(s) Priscilla "Kate" Myrick
Institution MIT
University of California, Berkeley
Field Political economics, welfare economics, behavioral economics
Alma mater MIT
Yale University
Doctoral
advisor Robert Solow[1]
Doctoral
students Martin Hellwig
Sunwoong Kim
Andrei Shleifer[2]
Julian Jamison[3]
Emmanuel Saez[4]
Saku Aura
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences 2010
Dale T. Mortensen
Born February 2, 1939
Enterprise, Oregon, US
Died January 9, 2014 (aged 74)
Wilmette, Illinois, US
Nationality American
Institution Northwestern University
Field Labor economics
Alma mater Carnegie Mellon University
Willamette University
Doctoral
advisor Michael C. Lovell
Doctoral
students Monika Merz
Influenced Christopher A. Pissarides
Awards IZA Prize in Labor Economics (2005)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences
2010
Christopher A. Pissarides
 
Official LSE portrait of Professor Sir Christopher Pissarides
Born 20 February 1948 (age 68)[1]
Nicosia, Cyprus
Nationality Cypriot, British
Institution London School of Economics 1976–
University of Southampton 1974–76
University of Cyprus 2011–[2]
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 2013–[3]
Field Labour economics
Alma mater London School of Economics
University of Essex
Doctoral
advisor Michio Morishima
Influences Dale Mortensen
Contributions Macroeconomic Search and Matching Theories of Unemployment
Matching Function
Structural Growth
Awards IZA Prize in Labor Economics (2006)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences
(2010)
彼得·戴蒙德(美国 Peter A. Diamond 1940-)美国麻省理工学院(MIT)
戴尔·莫滕森(美国 Dale T. Mortensen 1939-2014)丹麦奥胡斯大学,美国西北大学
克里斯托弗·皮萨里德斯(塞浦路斯Christopher A. Pissarides 1948-)伦敦政治经济学院

在"市场搜寻理论"中具有卓越贡献。
"for their analysis of markets with search frictions"


43.2011年托马斯·萨金特和克里斯托弗·西姆斯
 
Thomas J. Sargent

Born July 19, 1943 (age 73)
Pasadena, California, U.S.
Nationality American
Institution Hoover Institution
University of Minnesota
University of Chicago
Stanford University
New York University
Singapore Management University
Field Macroeconomics, monetary economics
Alma mater UC Berkeley, (BA)
Harvard University, (PhD)
Doctoral
advisor John R. Meyer
Doctoral
students Robert Litterman
Martin Eichenbaum
Felipe Montt
Wayne Carroll
Inbong Ha
Paul O'Brien
Andrew Atkeson
Selu Imrohoroglu
Ellen McGrattan
Marco Bassetto
Riccardo Colacito
Sagiri Kitao
Jun Nie
Rüşdü Saracoğlu (tr)
Influences Robert Lucas, Jr.
John Muth
Awards
NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing (2011)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2011)
 
Christopher A. Sims

Born Christopher Albert Sims
October 21, 1942 (age 74)
Washington, D.C.
Nationality United States
Institution Princeton University
Field Macroeconomics
Econometrics
Time series
Alma mater Harvard University, (A.B, PhD)
Doctoral
advisor Hendrik S. Houthakker
Doctoral
students Lars Peter Hansen
Harald Uhlig[1]
Contributions Use of vector autoregression
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2011)

托马斯·萨金特(美国Thomas J. Sargent 1943-)美国纽约大学
克里斯托弗·西姆斯(美国Christopher A. Sims 1942-)美国普林斯顿大学

在宏观经济学中对成因及其影响的实证研究。
"for their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy"

44.2012年埃尔文·罗斯和罗伊德·沙普利
 
Alvin E. Roth

Alvin E. Roth in Stockholm 2012
Born Alvin Elliot Roth
December 18, 1951 (age 64)
New York City
Nationality American
Institution Stanford University
Harvard University
Alma mater Columbia University
Stanford University
Doctoral
advisor Robert B. Wilson
Doctoral
students Parag Pathak[1]
Fuhito Kojima
Scott Kominers
Contributions Market design
Awards Frederick W. Lanchester Prize (1990)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2012)
Golden Goose Award (2013)
 
Lloyd Shapley

Shapley in 1980
Born Lloyd Stowell Shapley
June 2, 1923
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died March 12, 2016 (aged 92)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Residence Pacific Palisades, California, U.S.
Nationality American
Fields Mathematics, economics
Institutions University of California, Los Angeles
RAND Corporation
Princeton University
Alma mater Princeton University
Harvard University
Doctoral advisor Albert W. Tucker
Doctoral students Mário Páscoa
Shuntian Yao
John Rulnick
Raul Lejano
Manel Baucells Alibes
Xingwei Hu
Known for Shapley value
Shapley–Shubik power index
stochastic games
Bondareva–Shapley theorem
Shapley–Folkman lemma & theorem
Gale–Shapley algorithm
potential game
core, kernel and nucleolus
market games
authority distribution
multi-person utility
non-atomic games
Influences John von Neumann
Martin Shubik
Jon Folkman
Influenced Martin Shubik
Jon Folkman
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2012)
Golden Goose Award (2013)
John von Neumann Theory Prize (1981)

埃尔文·罗斯(美国Alvin E. Roth 1951)美国哈佛大学,美国哈佛商学院
罗伊德·沙普利 (美国Lloyd Shapley 1923-2016)美国加州大学

创建“稳定分配”的理论,并进行“市场设计”的实践。
"for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."


45.2013年尤金·法玛、拉尔斯·彼得·汉森和罗波特·希勒

 
Eugene Fama

Fama in Stockholm, December 2013.
Born February 14, 1939 (age 77)
Boston, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Institution University of Chicago
Field Financial economics, Organizational economics, Macroeconomics
School or
tradition Chicago School of Economics
Alma mater Tufts University
University of Chicago
Doctoral
advisor Merton Miller
Harry V. Roberts
Doctoral
students Tyler Shumway
Influenced Cliff Asness, Mark Carhart, John Cochrane, Campbell Harvey, Michael Jensen, Toby Moskowitz, Myron Scholes
Contributions Fama–French three-factor model
Efficient-market hypothesis
Awards 2005 Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics
2008 Morgan Stanley-American Finance Association Award
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2013)
 
Lars Peter Hansen

Lars Peter Hansen (2007)
Born October 26, 1952 (age 64)
Champaign, Illinois
Nationality United States
Institution University of Chicago
Carnegie Mellon University
Field Macroeconomics
School or
tradition Chicago School of Economics
Alma mater University of Minnesota (Ph.D.)
Utah State University (B.Sc.)
Doctoral
advisor Christopher A. Sims
Doctoral
students Narayana Kocherlakota[1]
Masao Ogaki
Erzo G.J. Luttmer
Influences Thomas J. Sargent
Contributions Generalized method of moments, Robust control applied to macroeconomics and asset pricing
Awards BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award 2010
CME Group-MSRI Prize 2008
Nemmers Prize, 2006
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2013)
 
Robert J. Shiller

Born Robert James Shiller
March 29, 1946 (age 70)
Detroit, Michigan[1][2]
Nationality American
Institution Yale University
Field Financial economics
Behavioral finance
School or
tradition New Keynesian economics, Behavioral economics
Alma mater Michigan (B.A. 1967)
MIT (Ph.D. 1972)
Doctoral
advisor Franco Modigliani
Doctoral
students John Y. Campbell[3]
Influences John Maynard Keynes
George Akerlof
Irving Fisher
Influenced Pierre Perron
Eric Janszen
Contributions Irrational Exuberance, Case-Shiller index
Awards Deutsche Bank Prize (2009) Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2013)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc
Signature
尤金·法玛(Eugene F. Fama 1939-) 芝加哥大学
拉尔斯·彼得·汉森(Lars Peter Hansen 1952-)芝加哥大学
罗波特·希勒(Robert J. Shiller 1946-) 耶鲁大学

对资产价格的实证分析。"for their empirical analysis of asset prices."

46.2014年梯若尔
 
Jean Tirole

Tirole in 2007
Born 9 August 1953 (age 63)
Troyes, France
Nationality French
Institution Toulouse 1 University Capitole
Toulouse School of Economics
Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales
Field
Microeconomics Game theory Industrial organization
Alma mater Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Paris Dauphine University
École nationale des ponts et chaussées
École Polytechnique
Doctoral
advisor Eric Maskin
Awards John von Neumann Award (1998)
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2008)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2014)
梯若尔(Jean Tirole法国 1953-)法国图卢兹大学
主要贡献:对市场力量和管制的研究。"for his analysis of market power and regulation"



47.2015年安格斯·迪顿

 
Angus Deaton

Angus Deaton, Nobel Laureate in economics in Stockholm December 2015
Born Angus Stewart Deaton
19 October 1945 (age 71)
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Residence United States
Citizenship United States
Nationality British
Fields Microeconomics
Institutions University of Bristol
Princeton University
Education Fettes College
Alma mater Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge
Thesis Models of consumer demand and their application to the United Kingdom (1975)
Notable awards
Frisch Medal (1978)
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2015)
瑞典皇家科学院宣布,来自美国普林斯顿大学的教授安格斯·迪顿(Angus Deaton 1945-)获得2015年诺贝尔经济学奖,以表彰其在“消费、贫穷和福利”领域的突出贡献。"for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare"

48.2016年奥利弗-哈特和本特-霍姆斯特罗姆
Oliver Hart
Born Oliver Simon D'Arcy Hart
October 9, 1948 (age 68)
London, England
Residence Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
Nationality British, American
Fields Law and Economics
Institutions Harvard University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
London School of Economics
Alma mater King's College, Cambridge BA
University of Warwick MA
Princeton University PhD
Doctoral students Jeremy C. Stein[1]
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2016)
Spouse Rita B. Goldberg
 
Bengt Holmström
Bengt Holmström (2013)
Born Bengt Robert Holmström
April 18, 1949 (age 67)
Helsinki, Finland
Nationality Finnish
Institutions
University of Helsinki
Stanford University
Northwestern University
Yale University
MIT
Alma mater University of Helsinki
Doctoral
advisor Robert B. Wilson
Doctoral
students Jonathan Levin[1]
Awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2016)

哈佛大学的奥利弗-哈特(Oliver Hart)、麻省理工学院的本特-霍姆斯特罗姆(Bengt Holmström)荣获2016年诺贝尔经济学奖,以表彰他们对契约理论做出的贡献。"for their contributions to contract theory"


49. 2017 理查德·塞勒(Richard H. Thaler)
1945年9月12日- 行为金融学奠基者、芝加哥大学教授。国籍美国,出生于新泽西州 ,毕业于罗彻斯特大学 。
"for his contributions to behavioural economics"

50. 2018 威廉·道布尼·「比爾」·诺德豪斯(William Dawbney "Bill" Nordhaus)和保罗·迈克尔·罗默(Paul Michael Romer)

威廉·道布尼·「比爾」·诺德豪斯(英语:William Dawbney "Bill" Nordhaus,1941年5月31日-),生于美国新墨西哥州阿尔伯克基,美国经济学家,耶鲁大学经济学斯特林教授. "for integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis".

保罗·迈克尔·罗默(英语:Paul Michael Romer,1955年11月7日-),美国经济学家,斯坦福大学教授。他曾被认为是经济增长方面的专家并且是诺贝尔经济学奖的有力候选人,之後亦成功在2018年获得诺贝尔经济学奖。"for integrating technological innovations into long-run macroeconomic analysis"
保罗·罗默在1977年获得芝加哥大学物理学学士学位,并于1983年在该校获得经济学博士学位。他被《时代杂志》选为1997年美国最具影响力的25人之一。